Is CBD Oil Marijuana?
Are Hemp and Marijuana the Same?
Although hemp and marijuana originate from the same cannabis family, they are two different plants with completely different functions and properties.
The most important difference between hemp and marijuana is in its chemical composition. Marijuana contains high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), from 20 to 30%, and low levels of cannabidiol CBD (less than 20%). THC is the chemical responsible marijuana’s psychological effects and gives users a ‘high’ after partaking of it. Hemp, on the other hand, has a maximum THC level of 0.3%, essentially making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect or get a “high”. This threshold is heavily regulated in countries that have legalized hemp. Hemp also has high cannabidiol (CBD) content that acts as THC’s antagonist, that means the high levels of CBD fight against the low levels of THC, essentially making the minimal amount of THC useless. That means no matter how much hemp you partake of, you will never feel ‘high’.
The marijuana plant looks very different from the hemp plant. When you observe their leaves, marijuana’s shape tends to either be a broad leafed, tight bud. Hemp, on the other hand, has skinnier leaves that are concentrated at the top. Few branches or leaves exist below the top part of the plant. When you observe the plants from afar, marijuana looks like a short fat bush. Hemp is typically skinnier and taller (up to 20 ft). At times, it almost looks like long ditchweed (hemp was actually found to grow among weeds in Nebraska). In general, when you compare a marijuana farm with those of industrial hemp, you’ll notice that they are clearly very different from one another.
The environment in which hemp and marijuana are grown is strikingly different. Hemp is grown closely together (as close as 4 inches apart) and is typically grown in large multi-acre plots. It can also grow in a variety of climates and its growth cycle is 108-120 days. Unlike hemp, marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmosphere for proper growth. Its growth cycle only 60-90 days. Medical cannabis also cannot be grown too close to each other. They are typically grown 6 feet apart. If, somehow, marijuana grows among (or close to) a hemp field, the hemp’s pollen would immediately ruin the marijuana crop, diluting marijuana’s psycho-activity.